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FFmpeg Live Streaming on the Dacast Platform for Linux

By Dacast Team

6 Min Read

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Dacast Team

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      Are you interested in streaming on Dacast under Linux with ffmpeg? This guide provides a step-by-step explanation to get you started!
      To stream on Dacast under Mac with ffmpeg, click here.

      Note: this guide covers the following Linux distributions:

      • Ubuntu 14.04
      • Arch Linux

      Requirements:

      You will need to compile ffmpeg yourself so that you can access RTMP support through the librtmp library.

      Development tools:

      Before getting started, make sure that you install the tools necessary to compile ffmpeg, librtmp, and their dependencies.

      • Ubuntu 14.04
        $ sudo apt-get update
        $ sudo apt-get install build-essential git libssl-dev
      • Arch Linux
        # pacman -Sy base-devel git

      Installation:

      1. librtmp

      1. First, retrieve the librtmp source code on the official git repository.
        $ git clone git://git.ffmpeg.org/rtmpdump
      2. Next, browse to the local repository’s folder, and then run the compilation process.
        $ cd rtmpdump
        $ cd librtmp
        $ make
      3. Finally, install the library in your system’s root directory.
        # DESTDIR=/usr make install

      2. ffmpeg

      Dependencies

      You may need to retrieve some additional libraries, such as the audio and video codecs required to broadcast your media content.

      Ubuntu 14.04

      Please note that you’ll need to manually compile libaacplus.

      $ sudo apt-get install libfftw3-dev pkg-config autoconf automake libtool libtool-bin unzip
      $ wget http://tipok.org.ua/downloads/media/aacplus/libaacplus/libaacplus-2.0.2.tar.gz
      $ tar -xzf libaacplus-2.0.2.tar.gz
      $ cd libaacplus-2.0.2
      $ ./autogen.sh --enable-shared --enable-static
      $ make
      $ sudo make install
      $ sudo ldconfig
      # apt-get install yasm libfaac-dev libfdk-aac-dev libfreetype6-dev libmp3lame-dev libopencore-amrnb-dev libopencore-amrwb-dev libopenjpeg-dev libopus-dev libschroedinger-dev libspeex-dev libtheora-dev libvo-aacenc-dev libvorbis-dev libvpx-dev libx264-dev libxvidcore-dev
      Arch Linux

      Some dependencies are located on the ArchLinux User Repository.  Therefore, you must first retrieve their source code and then compile these dependencies manually.

      You also have the option to automate this process by installing a useful tool called yaourt.
      You can access an installation guide at this address: http://archlinux.fr/yaourt-en.

      You can retrieve the required dependencies with the following commands:

      # pacman -Sy yasm freetype2 lame opencore-amr openjpeg opus schroedinger speex libtheora libvorbis libvpx x264 xvidcore faac libfdk-aac
      $ yaourt libaacplus
      $ yaourt vo-aacenc
      

      Compilation

      1. Retrieve the ffmpeg source code on their official git repository :
        $ git clone https://github.com/FFmpeg/FFmpeg.git
      2. Browse to the local repository’s folder, then run the compilation process:
        $ cd FFmpeg
        $ ./configure --enable-gpl --enable-version3 --enable-nonfree --enable-postproc --enable-libaacplus --enable-libfaac --enable-libfdk-aac --enable-libfreetype --enable-libmp3lame --enable-libopencore-amrnb --enable-libopencore-amrwb --enable-libopenjpeg --enable-openssl --enable-libopus --enable-libschroedinger --enable-libspeex --enable-libtheora --enable-libvo-aacenc --enable-libvorbis --enable-libvpx --enable-libx264 --enable-libxvid --prefix=/usr/local --enable-librtmp
        $ make
      3. Install ffmpeg in your system’s root directory:
        # make install

      Usage

      Open your Web Browser, navigate to the Dacast website, and then access your live channel’s settings. Once there, please browse to the Encoder Setup section, as pictured below:

      ffmpeg

      From here, make sure to select Other RTMP Encoder.

      ffmpeg

      At this point, you should see the following information on your screen.

      ffmpeg

      Once here, you’ll need the following data:

      Login 123456
      Password 789123
      Stream URL rtmp://p.ep246802.i.akamaientrypoint.net/EntryPoint
      Stream Name dclive_1_1@246802

      Next, please run the following command:

      $ ffmpeg -re -f lavfi -i testsrc -c:v libx264 -b:v 1600k -preset ultrafast -b 900k -c:a libfdk_aac -b:a 128k -s 1920x1080 -x264opts keyint=50 -g 25 -pix_fmt yuv420p -f flv "rtmp://p.ep246802.i.akamaientrypoint.net/EntryPoint flashver=FMLE/3.020(compatible;20FMSc/1.0) live=true pubUser=123456 pubPasswd=789123 playpath=dclive_1_1@246802"

      Important Notes (please read carefully)

      Note 1: if your credentials are rejected
      You must have followed all the steps above and the librtmp manual compilation or this is not gonna work: your credentials will be rejected by the server.

      Note 2: common error
      A recurring typo in fdk aac usage is that, during the installation process, you need to enter “–enable-fdkaac” but when you use it in the command it is: “-c:a libfdk_aac”

      Note 3: insert your source  path
      You want to replace

      -f lavfi -i testsrc

      with

      -i /your_source_path

      Otherwise, you will just have the test screen (as shown below), not your live stream. If you have not replaced “-f lavfi -i testsrc” with “-i /your source path”, you will see the following test screen:

      ffmpeg

      Note 4: increase buffer for smoother playback
      If your playback is not smooth enough, you can increase the size of your buffer by replacing:

      -b 900k

      with

      -bufsize 3000k

      Your command will look like this:

      $ ffmpeg -re -i /your_source_path -c:v libx264 -b:v 1600k -preset ultrafast -bufsize 3000k -c:a libfdk_aac -b:a 128k -s 1920x1080 -x264opts keyint=50 -g 25 -pix_fmt yuv420p -f flv "rtmp://p.ep246802.i.akamaientrypoint.net/EntryPoint flashver=FMLE/3.020(compatible;20FMSc/1.0) live=true pubUser=123456 pubPasswd=789123 playpath=dclive_1_1@246802"

      Note 5: better quality for powerful system
      If you want a better quality and your system is powerful enough, you may replace

      -preset ultrafast

      with

      -preset fast

      Your command will look like this:

      $ ffmpeg -re -i /your_source_path -c:v libx264 -b:v 1600k -preset fast -b 900k -c:a libfdk_aac -b:a 128k -s 1920x1080 -x264opts keyint=50 -g 25 -pix_fmt yuv420p -f flv "rtmp://p.ep246802.i.akamaientrypoint.net/EntryPoint flashver=FMLE/3.020(compatible;20FMSc/1.0) live=true pubUser=123456 pubPasswd=789123 playpath=dclive_1_1@246802"

      Note 6: lowest latency for very powerful system 
      If your goal is to get the lowest latency and you have a very powerful system, you may add the following to the initial command:

      -tune zerolatency

      Your command will look like this:

      $ ffmpeg -re -i /your_source_path -c:v libx264 -b:v 1600k -preset ultrafast -tune zerolatency -b 900k -c:a libfdk_aac -b:a 128k -s 1920x1080 -x264opts keyint=50 -g 25 -pix_fmt yuv420p -f flv "rtmp://p.ep246802.i.akamaientrypoint.net/EntryPoint flashver=FMLE/3.020(compatible;20FMSc/1.0) live=true pubUser=123456 pubPasswd=789123 playpath=dclive_1_1@246802"

      Feel free to get in touch with Dacast directly if you need further support with this process.

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