Video Bitrate: What Is It & How Do You Choose?

video bitrate

Video is one of the primary mediums for consuming content online. One survey found that video is the primary source of information for 66% of people. Furthermore, 92% of internet users watch video content each week.

Online video is effectively used every day for digital marketing, content creation, broadcasting meetings, delivering effective messages and much more. And as video becomes increasingly ubiquitous, the competition gets stiffer. The importance of higher-quality video, higher resolution and frame rate and upload speed becomes greater. After all, 62% of people are likely to have a negative perception of a brand that releases low-quality videos. But to create and upload video better quality videos that will engage and retain readers today, you need to understand video bitrate.

In this article, we’re going to cover video bitrate. We’ll provide a guide to bit rates including how the ideal bitrate will affect video quality. We’ll round off with the optimal bitrates for 20 popular streaming platforms. By the end, you can add this knowledge to improve your video content strategy and use an appropriate video hosting platform to help you achieve your video ambitions.

Table of Contents

  • What is Video Bitrate?
  • What is Video Resolution?
  • A Guide to Video Bitrates
    • Bitrates, Encoding & Frame Rates
  • Mobile Bitrates
  • What is the Best Video Bitrate for Streaming?
    • Optimal Bitrates for 20 Popular Streaming Platforms
  • Conclusion

What is Video Bitrate?

What is video bitrate?
Video bitrate refers to how much data you are transferring via the internet at any given time.

Every piece of digital content you produce will be made up of bits. Video bitrate refers to how many units of data a video can process or transfer. Once you’ve finished a video and it’s ready to process, if you choose a low bitrate it might get compressed regardless of how high the resolution and frame rate were at the start. With this being said, it’s essential to choose a high bitrate to maintain a high-quality, seamless streaming experience with fluid viewing.

By implementing a bitrate that’s high enough to move your data over the internet, your viewers will benefit from a smooth, reliable stream. Benefiting from clear information and visuals, your viewers will be more likely to act favorably if they have a positive impression of your business.

In essence, bitrate is the speed at which your video content uploads to the internet from your camera or server. It is also the speed at which your viewers can download your video. Bitrate is usually measured in Megabits per second (Mbps), a figure that represents the volume of bits uploaded to and downloaded from the internet each second.

What is Video Resolution?

What is video resolution
Video resolution is a measure of the number of pixels that form your video’s frame.

Video resolution and video bitrate are interconnected but are not the same thing. Both factors need to be aligned for a successful outcome.

Video resolution refers to the number of pixels that form a video frame to create an image on a screen. The more pixels a video has, the higher its overall image quality will be. However, If you only think about video quality in terms of resolution, you’ll be missing half the picture.

Videos with high resolution require a high bitrate because they’ll require more data to move more pixels. Therefore, with a high resolution that matches your high bitrate, you can reach your viewer more effectively and with greater reliability.

A Guide to Video Bitrates

You’ll be encouraged to produce high-resolution videos for your target viewers that require a high bitrate to stream successfully.

You should also consider the differences in internet speeds between consumers.

The bitrate you choose will largely depend on the internet connections of your end users. Though releasing videos with high bitrates can be extremely valuable, it’s important to account for those who might have to contend with lagging videos and constant buffering.

You should always tailor the bitrate of your videos to the demands/expectations of your target audience. A great way to meet differing demands is by releasing videos in different bitrates so that those with slower internet connections can digest content accordingly.

Bitrates, Encoding & Frame Rates

frame rate fps
Frame rate measures how quickly individual frames of your video appear in succession to one another.

You should select an applicable bitrate after you’ve completed your video and reached the encoding process. Upon doing so, your video encoder will ensure your file is compressed correctly.

You can release multiple versions of your video with different bitrates. This will increase the availability of your video to various users and you won’t need to transcode multiple versions of your video at different bitrates either.

Multi-bitrate streaming is a great way to make multiple copies of your video at different bitrates. Viewers can then select a viewing quality that’s suitable for their device. Alternatively, with adaptive bitrate streaming, they’ll receive the highest-quality version of your video based on their internet connection speed at that moment.

You should also ensure your video’s frame rate and resolution are high enough to prevent jerky, slow videos that fail to meet their intended purpose. Though there’s no optimal frame rate, if you’re shooting moving shots you should focus on a higher-frame rate to keep your audience engaged.

Mobile Bitrates

In today’s mobile-driven consumer landscapes, it’s vital to consider the bitrate of videos streamed on mobile devices. Live streaming from mobile devices can be unpredictable, but you can accommodate this by providing video files at bitrates that stream well on mobile devices.

You can utilize multi-bitrate streaming to provide a wide range of bitrates in your videos and reach considerably more people. Viewers can then choose the best quality video available to their device at a given time.

What is the Best Video Bitrate for Streaming?

Finding the right bitrate for your content can be a challenge.

Here are some highly recommended bitrates based on the planned resolution of your video:

NameDescriptionMax Video BitrateMax Audio Bitrate
4K – 2160pUHD (Ultra High Definition)10 Mbps128
2K – 1440pQHD (Quad High Definition)7.7 Mbps128
FHD – 1080pFHD (Full HD)6.1 Mbps128
HD – 720pSHD (Standard HD)3.2 Mbps128
SD – 480pFWGVA (Full Wide Video Graphics Array)2 Mbps128
LD – 360pnHD (Ninth of High Definition)1.5 Mbps128
ULD – 240pWQVGA (Wide Quarter Video Graphics Array)0.5 Mbps128

Optimal Bitrates for 20 Popular Streaming Platforms

If you’re looking to stream your content, here are the optimal bitrates for 20 of the most popular streaming platforms:

Platform NameOptimal Video BitrateOptimal Audio Bitrate
Facebook Live4 Mbps128 Kbps
DacastUp to 4.5 Mbps128 Kbps
WirecastUp to 6 Mbps128 Kbps
IBM Cloud VideoUp to 8 Mbps128 Kbps
WistiaUp to 10 Mbps128 Kbps
Vimeo LivestreamUp to 5 Mbps128 Kbps
Kaltura2 Mbps128 Kbps
Brightcove10 Mbps128 Kbps
JW PlayerUp to 9 Mbps128 Kbps
FlowplayerUp to 10 Mbps128 Kbps
VidyardUp to 12 Mbps128 Kbps
WowzaUp to 12 Mbps128 Kbps
Youtube1.5 to 4 Mbps128 Kbps
Twitch2.5 to 4 Mbps128 Kbps
DailymotionUp to 4 Mbps192 Kbps
TikTokUnknownUnknown
Instagram3.5 Mbps128 Kbps
vMixUp to 25 Mbps128 Kbps
Periscope2.5 Mbps128 Kbps
MuviUp to 6 Mbps128 Kbps

Conclusion

Quality video is necessary today to compete in the online video space. Whether you plan on live streaming and video streaming, creating an online video library or anything else, you’ll improve your video production by utilizing the best video bitrates.

As we’ve outlined, there are optimal bitrates to transmit your video data for different scenarios and platforms. Generally, higher video quality requires a higher video bitrate. A higher bitrate in general, including a better audio bitrate, too, means a higher quality video file that will maximize your video quality and lessen interruptions. Ultimately, better video quality makes you more competitive and will result in your viewers returning to your video content again and again.

Dacast is a platform that fully supports multi-bitrate streaming capabilities. With Dacast, you can transcode your videos using a few intuitive settings. The result is that multiple users can stream your content from various devices simultaneously. Furthermore, Dacast’s adaptive bitrate streaming allows you to create videos that will be streamed on your viewers’ devices in the optimal bitrate for their devices.

To begin providing the best VOD, live-streaming content and overall video experience for your viewers, try Dacast. Sign up for our risk and commitment-free trial and you can try Dacast free for 14 days.

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Harmonie Duhamel

Harmonie is a Senior digital marketer with over 6 years in the Tech Industry. She has a strong marketing and sales background and loves to work in multilingual environments.