en
es
it
en

Comparing the Top 20 Private Video Hosting Platforms [2022 Update]

By Kevin Graham

66 Min Read

banner image featured
author avatar

Kevin Graham

Kevin is a content writer and former software developer. He focuses on producing compelling content for B2B software companies.

Table of Contents

    Video has become a critical medium for many brands. Unfortunately, many companies automatically turn to public hosting platforms, like YouTube or Facebook, without considering the possible ramifications of using these types of free platforms.

    Free online video hosting platforms come with heavy restrictions on rights to published content, monetization, branding, and more.

    That is why you need to look at private video hosting platforms for your video content. Private video hosting platforms help broadcasters circumvent these issues and get the most out of their content.

    In this post, we’re going to take a closer look at professional video hosting and why private hosting matters for broadcasters. We’ll also discuss the key features to look for in a private, professional hosting platform before we compare the top 20 private video hosting platforms to consider as we go into 2022.

    Let’s get into it.

    Table of Contents:

    • What is Video Hosting?
    • What is Private Video Hosting?
      • Who Needs Private Video Hosting?
      • Where to Access Private Video Hosting
    • Key Features for Private Video Hosting Platforms
    • The 20 Best Private Video Hosting Platforms
    • Conclusion

    What is Video Hosting?

    Professional Video Hosting
    Video hosting is a service for storing and sharing video content online.

    Online video hosting refers to uploading and storing video content online so that it can be easily shared across the Internet. With professional private online hosting, brands can distribute videos to their audiences by sending a link to viewers or embedding the video player on their websites and social platforms.

    While there are free video hosting platforms like YouTube and Vimeo available, many broadcasters want full control over their video content. Public video hosting platforms like these have few branding and advertising options, limited customer support, and varying levels of security.

    Additionally, these platforms take some rights away from broadcasters. YouTube, for example, has the right to do what they want with your videos as soon as you upload them to their platform. Many users don’t realize this since it is in the fine print of the site’s user terms and agreements. That is why you need to be careful when using public free video hosting platforms.

    These limitations drive many companies to choose to host and share videos privately.

    What is Private Video Hosting?

    A private video hosting platform for businesses enables users to easily manage the safety and monetization of their content. These are usually paid solutions that provide the speed, security, analytics, password protection, and consistency broadcasters need to take full advantage of their video content.

    One major advantage of private video hosting versus hosting videos on free sites is that private hosts allow broadcasters to maintain full ownership of their content.

    Private video hosting doesn’t mean that you can’t share your videos with a wide audience. You can share your videos on your website and social media platforms.

    Who Needs Private Video Hosting?

    Private video hosting is the best option for broadcasters with advanced video streaming needs. This includes businesses, educational institutions, government organizations, and more.

    Private video hosting is also a must for OTT broadcasters that are looking to build out a streaming service, like ESPN+ or Netflix.

    Using private hosting is essential for broadcasters that want to own all rights to their content. It is also important for broadcasters that want more control of the entire streaming experience.

    If you want to create a customized VOD or live streaming experience, you need a private video hosting platform. 

    Where to Access Private Video Hosting

    The best way to access private video hosting is through a professional-grade online video platform (OVP). These dedicated solutions are equipped with the tools you need to manage and distribute your video content.

    Dacast is one of the top providers of private video hosting. Brightcove, Kaltura, and Livestream are also among the top options for private video hosting. 

    Since each OVP offers access to a unique set of features at a variety of price points, broadcasters should look for the combination of these features that makes the most sense for their unique streaming needs.

    There are numerous private video hosting platforms for business; the key is to find the one with the features that your business needs. 

    Key Features for Private Video Hosting Platforms

    private video hosting platforms
    There are several essential features to look for in a private hosting platform.

    There are many private video hosting platforms to choose from, but not every solution is created equal. Different broadcasters use video content for different reasons. That’s why it’s important to focus on features that will help you meet your individual streaming goals.

    Here are some key features to look out for.

    Live Streaming and VOD Support

    Live streaming and video on demand (VOD) solutions are the two most popular types of online streaming in 2022. Both are useful for business, but they serve different purposes.

    Determine which types of streams you will produce, and choose a private video hosting platform that supports that type of online video content you want to share. If you want to create both live streams and VOD content, there are many private video hosting platforms for businesses that support both.

    Simple Video Content Management 

    A private video hosting platform that has robust organization and search capabilities can act as a video content management system (CMS). That way, broadcasters can maintain and monetize their vast library of video content.

    Video CMSs typically have features like batch upload, video grouping, and metadata management. In addition, many video CMS solutions have API support so that brands can integrate the cloud video platform with their other essential business applications.

    Keeping your content organized is a big advantage of using a private video hosting platform. 

    Encoding and Transcoding

    Brands must avoid limits in terms of the types of video files they can upload and share. That’s why flexible video encoding and transcoding capabilities are a basic requirement for private hosting solutions.

    Video encoding involves converting RAW video files into digital files that are suitable for streaming over the Internet. Similarly, video transcoding is the process of converting a video file from one format to another.

    A private cloud video hosting solution that supports encoding and transcoding into a variety of formats will ensure broadcasters can distribute their video content to viewers anywhere.

    Transcoding tools are often built into the platform, whereas encoding requires an external tool. RTMP encoders are the most readily available option, so choosing an online video platform with RTMP ingest is key.

    Easy Uploading

    While uploading small videos to a private online video hosting site using a web browser works fine, it’s not an ideal solution for larger file sizes.

    That’s why it’s important to choose a platform that has support for bulk uploading. Uploading using FTP or S3 directly is generally faster and more reliable than using a normal browser upload.

    If you produce a lot of video content, you are going to want to use a private video hosting platform for easy uploading. 

    Live Stream Recording

    While many broadcasters directly upload their files for delivery as a VOD file, others may want to auto-archive their live streams so that viewers can catch a playback. If you fall into the second category, choose a private video host that has a live stream recording feature. This will maximize the ROI of live events as well.

    Moreover, recording live streams could be critical for enterprises that have strict compliance requirements. There’s no reason to host a private live event without having a backup to view later for most broadcasters.

    Having a recording of your live streams allows you to utilize that content in more ways. 

    Video Security & Privacy

    Video content is so valuable for companies, so it makes sense that their private video hosting solution needs advanced security and privacy features.

    Companies need peace of mind that their content is safe and won’t fall into the wrong hands. Sometimes this means controlling who has viewing access, and other times it means ensuring that hackers don’t get access to private files or sensitive information.

    Another aspect of keeping video content safe is secure video upload. Companies should be able to quickly and efficiently add new videos to their private video hosting platform.

    If you have video content that you don’t want to share with everyone, or if you are monetizing your content, finding a private video hosting service that offers robust video security and privacy measures is important. 

    Mobile Video Hosting

    Today’s viewers use a wide variety of devices, so an online video hosting platform should be capable of delivering streams to mobile phones, tablets, and more. That means choosing a solution that uses an HTML5 video player and allows for easily embedding videos anywhere across the web.

    Furthermore, an adaptive bitrate video player can ensure viewers have a great streaming experience despite a poor network connection or reduced device processing power. Private video hosting paired with a powerful video player can ensure brands reach their intended audience with ease.

    Mobile video hosting is a must-have when looking for a private video sharing and hosting platform. 

    The 20 Best Private Video Hosting Platforms for 2022: A Comparison

    As we mentioned, there are many great private video hosts on the market. These streaming platforms come with a variety of tools at many different hosting price points. Some of these platforms are geared toward advanced broadcasters whereas others are suitable for beginners.

    That said, let’s take a look at our in-depth overview of the top 20 private video hosting platforms on the market.

    1. Dacast

    Dacast Online Private Video Hosting

    Company Background: 

    Dacast is an enterprise-grade video hosting platform with business-oriented features at competitive prices. The platform was designed from the ground up for broadcasters that need a robust video solution that meets their business requirements.

    While it may take some time for Dacast users to learn how to fully utilize the feature-rich platform, it’s still intuitive and straightforward for all levels of experience to get started.

    Basic Functionality:

    Dacast is an online hosting solution for brands that need high-level security, flexible monetization, and a multitude of professional tools.

    Key Features:

    New!

    Pros:

    There are many great reasons to work with Dacast. They offer both live streaming and video-on-demand hosting. In addition, they offer live stream recording, so you can save your lie streams and turn them into videos on-demand. This allows you to get more out of your content. 

    Dacast offers a white-label HTML5 video player, which is the most supported video player format. That means that no matter what device a viewer is watching your content on, they will be able to view your content. 

    They offer 24/7 tech support for all plans, which means no matter what level of plan you have, you can get the support you need to use their platform. On top of all that, they have one of the rare licenses for video hosting in China, so if you want to connect with China’s 1.7 billion potential viewers, you can do it with Dacast. Plus, they have great reviews from existing customers.

    Cons:

    The initial learning curve to taking advantage of all the features available

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Minimum dimension: none (but 240p is the recommended minimum)
    • Maximum dimension: 1080p or 4K (depends on the user’s hardware and internet)
    • Aspect ratio: no restrictions (but 16:9 is the default)
    • Max file size: none
    • Max video length: none
    • Total file storage: 10-1000GB (depends on plan)
    • Compatible video formats: MP4 (preferred), MOV, M4V, M2V, AVI, MPG, FLV, WMV, MKV, WEBM, OGV, MXF, ASF, VOB, MT

    Pricing:

    Dacast has pricing plans which include:

    • Starter Plan: $39/month (includes 1,000 GB of bandwidth & 50 GB of storage)
    • Event Plan: $63/month (includes 6 TB of bandwidth upfront and 50 GB of storage)
    • Scale Plan: $188/month (includes 24 TB of bandwidth per year and 1 TB of storage)
    • Higher bandwidth options are available with custom plans. Please contact us for more information.

    Best Use Cases:

    Dacast is a robust private video hosting platform that provides you with all the key features necessary for private video hosting. 

    2. Wistia

    wistia private video hosting

    Company Background:

    Wistia is a video hosting service for broadcasters that want to offer “TV-quality” streams. Its video player is ideal for marketers because it’s customizable with branding, CTAs, annotation links, and more.

    Basic Functionality:

    Wistia allows marketers to create, manage, and stream video content.

    Key Features:

    • Interactive video tools
    • Custom video layer
    • Ad-free experience
    • Channels and “up-next” features
    • Video analytics capabilities
    • CRM integrations
    • SEO automation

    Pros:

    Wistia has a lot to offer, in addition to private video hosting. They also offer useful analytics, providing you with the insight you need to learn how to make more engaging content. 

    With Wistia, you can add custom branding to the video player, creating an on-brand experience. They have tools to help you with SEO, which should help bring in more viewers over the long run to your content. 

    Plus, they offer ad-free viewing and solid customer support.

    Cons:

    • Cannot deliver to China
    • Issues with customization options

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Minimum dimensions: None
    • Maximum dimensions: Maximum of 4K (3840 x 2160)
    • Supported aspect ratios: Any
    • Maximum file size: 8 GB
    • Maximum video length: 2 hours
    • Total file storage: Up to 10 videos with the pro plan ($99 per month), $0.25 per month for every extra video
    • Accepted video formats: MP4 (recommended format), .MOV, .AVI, .WMV, .FLV, .MKV, 3GPP

    Pricing:

    Wistia has three pricing plan tiers. 

    • Free: No cost to use; up to 250 subscribers and 3 videos; cannot remove Wistia’s branding from the video player
    • Pro: $99/month; 10 free videos with additional videos for $0.25/each; white-label video player
    • Advanced: custom pricing; 100 free videos with additional videos for $0.25/each; multiple channels, 250+ subscribers

    Best Use Cases:

    • Streaming video for sales
    • Live event streaming
    • Enterprise and marketing video hosting

    If you are looking to use video content for marketing purposes, Wistia is an excellent private video hosting service for marketing videos. 

    3. Vidyard

    vidyard private video hosting

    Company Background:

    Vidyard is an all-in-one video platform that helps businesses professionally share videos. The company offers packages focused on marketing, sales, and corporate communications.

    Basic Functionality:

    Vidyard’s core mission is to give users the tools they need to turn their online viewers into paying customers.

    Key Features:

    • Private video hosting
    • Interactive viewing experiences
    • Video SEO
    • Personalization, playlist, and other viewing features
    • Advanced video analytics
    • Robust security options

    Pros:

    Vidyard has a very active user community that contributes to the platform’s open-source nature. They have a solid suite of features that can support your business’s video marketing efforts. 

    In addition, they offer in-depth analytics and reporting that you can use to move your marketing efforts forward.

    Cons:

    • Inconsistent user experience
    • Complicated backend
    • No support for China

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Minimum dimension: 360p (480 x 360)
    • Maximum dimension: 4k (3840 x 2160)
    • Aspect ratio: 16:9, 4:3
    • Max file size:5GB to 16GB (depends on the plan)
    • Max video length: 1 hour (live stream)
    • Total file storage: Not available
    • Compatible video formats: WEBM, MP4, MKV, MOV

    Pricing:

    There are a few ways to break down Vidyard’s pricing. They have two main umbrellas that their services, and are packaged as follows:

    Packages for Individuals and Teams:

    • Free Forever: Free
    • Pro Package: $15/month; comes with password protection and marketing tools
    • Teams Package: $300/month; access for 3 or more users; video analytics and custom branding
    • Business Package: $1250/month; access for 5 or more users; custom integrations

    Custom Video Solutions:

    Best Use Cases:

    • Enterprise video hosting
    • Marketing online hosting
    • Video streaming for sales

    Vidyard is a great private video hosting service for marketing and enterprise video hosting needs. They offer both an affordable free and pro package, and more robust teams and business packages. 

    4. Cincopa

    cincopa video hosting

    Company Background:

    Cincopa is a content management platform designed for storing and hosting video content and other types of media. Cincopa’s private video hosting platform is a reliable option for businesses of all sizes.

    Basic Functionality:

    Cincopa is a multimedia hosting platform that is capable of hosting video, audio (podcasts and music), photos, and more.

    Key Features:

    • Live stream archiving
    • Video content management system
    • Leading in integrations options
    • Mobile-friendly video player
    • Tools for accessibility
    • Adaptive bitrate streaming
    • Reliable content delivery

    Pros:

    Cincopa is a feature-rich platform that allows you to host all of your multimedia content. That means you can store your video, audio, and photo content all in one place.  They offer HD streaming so that you can provide your viewers with the best viewing experience. 

    One of the best parts of Cincopa is that they have a minimal learning curve.

    Cons:

    • Limited organization tools
    • Clunky user interface
    • Minimal documentation and educational materials
    • The platform can be buggy

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Minimum dimension: 144p
    • Maximum dimension: 4K
    • Aspect ratio: 4:3, 16:9
    • Max file size: 1, 2, 20GB (depending on the plan)
    • Max video length: not available
    • Total file storage: 5 videos, 40 videos, unlimited videos (depending on the plan)
    • Compatible video formats: AVI, MOV, WMV, MP4, M4A, F4A,  F4B, F4V, F4P, M2TS, MTS, VOB, MKV, RMVB, M1V, QT, DIV, DIVX, DV, 3GP, 3GPP, 3G2, MPG, MPEG, MPE, FLV

    Pricing:

    Cincopa offers four different pricing plans:

    • Plus: $25/month; includes marketing tools (CTAs, email integrations, etc.)
    • Corporate: $99/month; advanced broadcasting tools
    • Agency/Enterprise: $350/month; advanced broadcasting tools with more flexibility
    • Please check out Cincopa’s pricing page for a further breakdown of storage and capabilities that come with each plan.

    Best Use Cases:

    • Education streaming
    • Business video hosting
    • Video creation
    • Video for sales

    If you need somewhere to store your private videos as well as other multimedia content, Cincopa is a great solution. 

    5. Brightcove

    Video Hosting Cloud Software

    Company Background:

    Brightcove is a video hosting company that has been in the hosting market for nearly two decades and has thousands of users in over 70 countries worldwide.

    The platform was built for broadcasters focused on marketing and monetization. That’s because it’s capable of being integrated with a variety of marketing, advertising, and communication applications.

    Basic Functionality:

    Brightcove is an enterprise video suite that includes cloud video streaming, video marketing, and video player capabilities. It’s designed to handle all of a brand’s marketing and ad campaign needs.

    Key Features:

    • OTT streaming
    • TV Everywhere (TVE) streaming
    • Live events and 24/7 streaming
    • Monetization and advertising
    • Dozens of app integrations

    Pros:

    Brightcove has a very intuitive interface, which makes it easy to learn how to use. In addition to video hosting, it offers robust editing tools, allowing you to refine your content further. 

    It has a wide range of privacy and security options, helping you keep your content safe. If you work with a big team, they have customizable permissions, allowing you to provide controlled access to the platform for your team. 

    Plus, they have lots of pre-built integrations, allowing you to integrate other tools into the platform easily. Additionally, they have quality customer support.

    Cons:

    • Steep learning curve
    • 24/7 support isn’t free
    • No video delivery to China 
    • Limited analytics and reporting

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Minimum dimension: Determined by user
    • Maximum dimension: Determined by user 
    • Aspect ratio: No restrictions (since Brightcove uses a responsive player)
    • Max file size: No limits on files size
    • Max video length: No published limits
    • Total file storage: Varies by plan
    • Compatible video formats: MP4, MOV, FLV, AVI, WMV, MKV, 3GPP

    Pricing:

    Since Brightcove’s pricing mainly targets enterprise-level clients, they offer several custom-priced streaming plans at high price points.

    The three pricing tiers include:

    • Starter: includes 50 to 200 videos, up to 100,000 plays, and 2-5 users
    • Professional: unlimited videos, 100,000+ plays, and no overages plays, with +10 users
    • Enterprise: unlimited videos, 100,000+ plays, and no overages plays, with 10+ users, unlimited upload, and analytics-only users

    Interested broadcasters can contact their sales department to receive a quote or sign up for a 30-day free trial.

    Best Use Cases:

    • Live event streaming
    • Streaming live sports
    • Enterprise and marketing video hosting
    • Streaming video for sales

    Brightcove is a great private video hosting service, especially if your video content is centered around your business’s marketing efforts. 

    6. IBM Video Cloud

    IBM Online Video Hosting platform

    Company Background:

    IBM Video Cloud—which was originally UStream—is known for its reliability. The platform offers live streaming and VOD capabilities, but can be more expensive than other platforms with similar features.

    Basic Functionality:

    IBM Video Cloud offers enterprise-grade live streaming and VOD services.

    Key Features:

    • Streaming video live and on-demand
    • AI-powered captioning
    • Secure sharing of video content

    Pros:

    IBM Cloud Video offers reliable streaming, and they have its own global content delivery network. They have a lot of robust futures that will help advanced broadcasters produce high-quality streams. Plus, they have enterprise-grade capabilities to support large organizations.

    On top of all that, IBM Cloud Video offers responsive customer support.

    Cons:

    • Doesn’t use a CDN
    • No tools for monetization
    • General plans don’t offer APIs support

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Minimum dimension: 480p (480 x 270)
    • Maximum dimension:  4K (3840 x 2160)
    • Aspect ratio: No published aspect ratio
    • Max file size: 4 GB
    • Max video length: No published limits
    • Total file storage: 1TB – 5TB (depends on plan)
    • Compatible video formats: MKV, MP4, MOV, FLV, AVI, WMV, MPEG2, H264, H263, MPEG4, VP6, VP8, THEORA, WMV, MP3, AAC-LC, NELLYMOSER, PCM, SPEEX, VORBIS, WMA

    Pricing:

    Pricing plans range from $99/month to $999 per month and include:

    • Silver – $99/month: 100 viewer hours, 5 channels, and 1 TB video storage
    • Gold – $499/month: 2,000 viewer hours, 10 channels, and 2 TB video storage
    • Platinum – $999/month: 5,000 viewer hours, 20 channels, and 5 TB video storage
    • Custom – Please contact IBM Cloud video for custom plan pricing.
    • Password protection comes with all plans. The $499/month plan adds embed restrictions. The $999/month plan includes full embed controls and a private channel URL.

    Best Use Cases:

    • Streaming video for sales
    • Marketing and enterprise video hosting
    • Live event streaming

    If you are willing to pay more for reliability, IBM Video Cloud is a good private video hosting platform. 

    7. Kaltura

    kaltura business video hosting

    Company Background:

    Kaltura is an Israel-based online video hosting service that serves users worldwide. The service offers live streaming and VOD that’s catered toward large institutions.

    Basic Functionality:

    Kaltura focused on video management capabilities and hosting webinars for educational purposes. For example, employers and universities use the service to train employees and students.

    Key Features:

    • Cloud TV service
    • Several monetization options for OTT video
    • Video looping features
    • Closed captioning options
    • Variety of security capabilities

    Pros:

    Kaltura is specifically designed for educational use and is a great platform for business internal training videos. It is accessible to viewers and can integrate into many learning management systems. 

    They have a great bulk uploading feature, allowing you to add a lot of content all at once easily. Plus, they have some monetization options allowing you to make money off your content.

    Cons:

    • Steep learning curve
    • Slow uploading and processing
    • No support for China streaming 
    • “Bring your own CDN” requirement

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Minimum dimension: 180p (320 x 180)
    • Maximum dimension: 1080p (1920x 1080)
    • Aspect ratio: 16:9, 4:3
    • Max file size: 2GB
    • Max video length: Not available
    • Total file storage: 10GB to Unlimited (depends on the plan)
    • Compatible video formats: MOV, MP4

    Pricing:

    Kaltura charges based on bandwidth and feature usage with a credit system. There are both predetermined and pay-as-you-go plans. Kaltura also offers free trials.

    Best Use Cases:

    • Enterprises and marketing video hosting
    • Video streaming for sales
    • Live event streaming

    For educational institutions and businesses with an educational focus, Kaltura is a great private video hosting platform for educational businesses, with lots of specialized tools for the educational market. 

    8. SproutVideo

    sproutvideo hosting platform

    Company Background:

    SproutVideo is a live streaming and VOD provider for a multitude of broadcasting needs. Their plans vary from budget-friendly to more expensive, fully-featured plans.

    Basic Functionality:

    SproutVideo offers comprehensive features for live streaming and VOD hosting.

    Key Features:

    • Live streaming and online video hosting
    • Privacy and security features
    • API access
    • Live chat support with every plan

    Pros:

    SproutVideo is a highly customizable platform, allowing you to create an on-brand experience for your viewers. They offer plans for every budget, making them an easy platform to work with, no matter the size of your organization. 

    Cons:

    • Buffering issues
    • Limited storage
    • No China video delivery
    • Possible SEO problems

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Minimum dimension: None
    • Maximum dimension: None
    • Supported aspect ratios: Any
    • Maximum file size: Up to 100 GB
    • Maximum video length: Unlimited
    • Total file storage: 500 GB 
    • Accepted video formats: MP4, MOV, AVI, WMV, FLV, MKV, 3GPP

    Pricing:

    SproutVideo offers four pricing plans:

    • Seed: $24.99/month; best suited for broadcasters who don’t need many tools or functions
    • Sprout: $59.99/month; comes with additional privacy tools
    • Tree: $199.99/month; great for secure embedding
    • Forest: $499.99/month; fully loaded with the features an advanced broadcaster would need

    SproutVideo has a great breakdown and comparison of their plans on their pricing page. Please check this page for additional fees for storage and hosting.

    You can try SproutVideo for free for 30 days.

    Best Use Cases:

    • Live streaming
    • VOD hosting
    • Enterprise video streaming

    If you want a private video hosting service that can grow with your business, SproutVideo offers a wide range of plans so as your content needs grow, your hosting plan can grow as well. 

    9. JW Player

    private video hosting jwplayer

    Company Background:

    JW Player had early beginnings with YouTube but has since evolved to include live streaming and VOD hosting. The service is affordable but has notable drawbacks as well. JW Player is ideal for budget-constrained companies that can deal with limited features.

    Basic Functionality:

    JW Player offers limited video services and capabilities at low price points.

    Key Features:

    • Suitable for any company size
    • Video distribution management
    • Ad optimization
    • Robust analytics
    • DRM support

    Pros:

    JW Player has been around for a while and has a simple interface that is easy to use. They allow for advertising integrations, making it easy for you to make money on your content. 

    Plus, they have flexible video formats, supporting all types of video. They offer great sales support and customer service. Plus, they have affordable plan offers.

    Cons:

    • Limits live events to 5 hours
    • No API support for live streams
    • Lacks screen sharing, closed captioning, and subscriptions
    • No support for China delivery
    • Uses internal server network for content delivery

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Minimum dimension: 360p (640 x 360)
    • Maximum dimension: 1080p (1920 x 1080)
    • Aspect ratio: 16:9, 4:3, 2.39:1
    • Max file size: 25GB
    • Max video length: Not available
    • Total file storage: 25GB to 500GB (depends on the plan)
    • Compatible video formats: MP4, WMV, AVI, MOV, 3GP, FLV

    Pricing:

    JW Player has pricing plans which range from free with a non-commercial license paid with numerous benefits and features. 

    Their pricing packages include:

    • Free trial: JW Player offers a 30-day free trial subscription which includes full API and SDK access, a non-commercial license, 25 GB hosting bandwidth, and 75 GB streaming.
    • Starter plan: At $10 per month, the Starter pricing plan includes an HTML5 Video Player, a video gallery, with 150 GB hosting bandwidth, and 500 GB streaming (50,000 plays) per month (billed annually).
    • Enterprise plan: these business-specific plans are available with custom pricing for high-volume storage and streaming. Enterprise plans support live streaming, while lower-tier plans only support VOD.  

    Best Use Cases:

    • Enterprise and marketing video hosting
    • Streaming video for sales

    If you need a simple-to-use platform for your private video hosting needs, JWPlayer is a good choice. 

    10. Livestream (Vimeo)

    Vimeo video Hosting Platform

    Company Background:

    Livestream is a service acquired by Vimeo that’s different from Vimeo Live. It focuses on additional marketing capabilities for live streaming events.

    Basic Functionality:

    Livestream is a comprehensive service for professionals that is designed to stream, manage, and monitor streaming videos. It is best suited for businesses and organizations with advanced streaming needs.

    Key Features:

    • Live streaming
    • Advanced marketing capabilities
    • Video management analytics
    • Audience interaction features

    Pros:

    Vimeo is easy for users and viewers to use, making it a great platform for beginners. It also easily integrates with YouTube and can provide you with in-depth analytics you can use to drive your video content strategy forward. 

    Cons:

    • Frequent software updates interrupt streams
    • Cannot stream video to China
    • Limited CDN support

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Recommended dimension: 720p (1280 x 720)
    • Aspect ratio: 16:9, 4:3
    • Max file size: 3GB
    • Max video length: Information not available 
    • Total file storage: Information not available
    • Compatible video formats: MP4 (recommended)

    Pricing:

    Vimeo Livestream offers three main pricing plans, including:

    Vimeo Premium:

    • Premium pricing: $75/month
    • Their Premium plan includes both live streaming and VOD services. This plan is the way to go for professional broadcasting.

    Vimeo Enterprise:

    • Enterprise Pricing: Please contact Vimeo for custom pricing information
    • The Enterprise plan includes white-label service, monetization, and video APIs. It also includes branding control and added security features.

    Vimeo OTT:

    • Starter Pricing: $1/subscriber per month
    • Growth Pricing: starting at $500/month
    • The OTT-specific pricing packages come with the Vimeo.com relationship. These plans include all the basics for starting your web-based OTT channel, as well as growing your OTT business online.

    For more details, check out our comprehensive guide to Vimeo Livestream pricing.

    Best Use Cases:

    • Marketing video hosting
    • Live event streaming

    Livestream Vimeo is a great private video hosting service if your business’s focus is on marketing videos or live streaming events. They offer robust support and integration for these needs. 

    11. Panopto

    online video hosting panopto

    Company Background:

    Panopto is a video company that focuses on businesses and universities. In fact, its platform serves over 5 million end-users in the e-learning space worldwide.

    Basic Functionality:

    Panopto specializes in internal video streaming for online educational purposes. It integrates with learning management systems (LMSs) to manage and organize videos efficiently.

    Key Features:

    • Mobile-ready solution
    • Live streaming and recording
    • Video management
    • Analytics
    • White-label streaming

    Pros:

    Panopto offers both video and audio content support. They offer document indexing and full-text search, making it easy to categorize and organize your content. In addition, Panopto has custom branding, allowing you to create an on-brand experience for your viewers. 

    Plus, Panopto offers China video hosting. 

    Cons:

    • Limited image editing and template customization
    • No SEO management
    • No version control

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Minimum dimension: 240p (426 x 240)
    • Maximum dimension: 4K (3840 x 2160)
    • Aspect ratio: 16:9, 4:3
    • Max video length: Information not available
    • Total file storage: Information not available
    • Compatible video formats: AVI, MP4, MPG, WMV, MOV, QT, ASF, 3GP, WMA, MP3, M4V, and more.

    Pricing:

    Panopto recently simplified its pricing packages and includes the following three options:

    • Basic: Free
    • Pro: $14.99/month
    • Enterprise: Please contact Panopto for custom pricing.

    After establishing a contract, you have access to unlimited streaming and storage. However, this aspect may represent a potential downside for some streamers as Panopto does not handle any external-facing video content.

    Best Use Cases:

    • E-learning 
    • Educational video streaming
    • Corporate training videos

    Panopto offers a free basic private video hosting option, with custom solutions for enterprise needs. They do a great job at meeting the needs of educational businesses. 

    12. Vimeo Live

    Vimeo video hosting platform

    Company Background:

    Earlier, we discussed Livestream, the premium video hosting offering from Vimeo, but now, let’s take a look at Vimeo’s more basic private video hosting offerings.

    Vimeo is a streaming provider that has historically focused on the artist and creative market. Its offerings are more basic and limited than the other options we’ve discussed here, which makes them suitable for broadcasters with lesser streaming needs.

    Basic Functionality:

    Vimeo provides a basic video hosting experience.

    Key Features:

    • VOD streaming 
    • Limited live streaming functionality
    • Distribution and marketing tools
    • Monetization options
    • Video analytics

    Pros:

    Vimeo Live has a very professional interface while being easy to use at the same time. They offer unlimited events and viewers, making it a great platform for big live event broadcasting and hosting. 

    Plus, you can run your content without dealing with advertising. They also offer detailed analytics, allowing you to easily drive your content forward.

    Cons:

    • Generates less traffic than competitors
    • Limited live streaming
    • Connection issues with internal server
    • Additional fees for monetization
    • No China delivery

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Recommended dimension: 720p (1280 x 720)
    • Aspect ratio: 16:9, 4:3
    • Max file size: 3GB
    • Max video length: Information not available 
    • Total file storage: Information not available
    • Compatible video formats: MP4 (recommended)

    Pricing:

    Vimeo offers basic video hosting plans that are suitable for content creators and startups.

    • Basic: 30-day free trial
    • Plus: $7/month; 5GB/week or 250GB every year; Single user; Brand customization and privacy tools
    • Pro: $20/month; 20GB/week or 1TB every year; 3 users; collaboration tools and video showcase sites
    • Premium: $75/month; Unlimited live streaming with 7TB of storage; unlimited viewers
    • Enterprise: Custom-priced, custom-built plans for advanced streaming needs

    All plans are billed annually. The Plus plan can be billed monthly at an increased rate of $12/month.

    Best Use Cases:

    • Streaming video for sales
    • Enterprise and marketing video hosting
    • Live event streaming

    If you are looking for more of a basic private video hosting platform, Vimeo Live is a good option. 

    13. Wowza

    Wowza video hosting platform

    Company Background:

    Wowza was founded in 2005 as a bootstrap start-up. It offers private live streaming and on-demand video hosting. Wowza is also known for its top-notch security features.

    Basic Functionality:

    Wowza offers two main products. The first is the Wowza Streaming Engine. This product is widely used in the industry for self-hosted streaming. The second is the Wowza Streaming Cloud offering. 

    This functionality includes a variety of features aimed at providing low-latency content access to global audiences.

    Key Features:

    • Cloud management services
    • High-def streaming (up to 4K)
    • Powerful security and privacy features
    • Access to APIs
    • Reliable security
    • Supported on most devices
    • Live streaming

    Pros:

    Wowza offers video looping, allowing you to loop videos so that you always have content playing on your channel. They offer a configurable user experience, allowing you to insert advertisements, provide robust security, offer low latency streaming, and even provide you with 360 virtual reality (VR) video support. 

    Plus, they have some advanced performance monitoring capabilities. Additionally, they have China video delivery capabilities.

    Cons:

    • No simulcasting
    • No monetization features
    • Only single camera feeds
    • No event scheduling

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Minimum dimension: 240p (320 x 240)
    • Maximum dimension: 4K (3840 x 2160) 
    • Aspect ratio: 16:9, 4:3
    • Max file size: Not available
    • Max video length: Not available
    • Total file storage: 250 GB (depends on the plan)
    • Compatible video formats: MP4, FLV, MP3, SMIL, AMLST, ID3, NGRP

    Pricing:

    Wowza has recently revamped its pricing structure to offer distinct pricing plans and services. 

    Within Live Event Pricing, monthly plans include:

    • Pay As You Go: $29/month, with a 3-month minimum; flexible streaming with low startup costs
    • Basic: $99/month and includes 20 hours of live streaming and 1,000 viewing hours based on a video resolution of 720p
    • One Month Event: $149 one-time purchase and includes 20 hours of live streaming and 1,000 viewing hours also at 720p
    • Plus: $499/month and includes 150 hours of live streaming and 7,000 viewing hours based on a video resolution of 720p

    All of these Live Event plans include full brand control, multi-bitrate streaming, and HD and UHD streaming.

    The Wowza Streaming Engine has its own pricing plan packages. These professional-grade streaming plans are billed annually and include:

    • Basic: $175/month + $195/month for each additional instance and $125/month for each additional prepaid instance
    • One Month Event: $295/month + $295month for each additional instance
    • Enterprise: Please contact Wowza directly for access to their custom-tailored high volume enterprise solutions

    Best Use Cases:

    • OTT streaming
    • Live broadcasting
    • VOD hosting

    Wowza offers robust security within a simple streaming platform that caters to business enterprises that need a private video hosting solution. 

    14. StreamShark

    Streamshark video hosting

    Company Background:

    StreamShark is another reliable private video host. It was founded in 2011 and provides a wide range of online video hosting functionality.

    Basic Functionality:

    StreamShark is an online video platform that specializes in private video hosting.

    Key Features: 

    • Manage different phases of an event’s stream
    • Multi-vendor approach
    • HLS ingests
    • Provides global video CDN services
    • Mobile-compatibility
    • Detailed viewer reports
    • Customizable live streaming video player
    • Global coverage via a multi-CDN network
    • Privacy and security tools
    • Advertising capabilities
    • Customer support

    Pros:

    StreamShark offers localized media ingestion. Plus, they offer a range of monetization options, making it easy for you to make money on your content. Plus, they have their own video encoding software, so you don’t have to use an outside video encoder. 

    They offer redistribution, making it easy for you to share your content in multiple places. Plus, they offer a large amount of video storage, supporting your video hosting needs.

    Cons:

    • Minimal customer support
    • No embeddable playlists
    • Limited video analytics
    • No China video delivery

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Minimum dimension: 240p (426 x 240)
    • Maximum dimension: 1080p (1920 x 1080)
    • Aspect ratio: 16:9, 4:3
    • Max file size: not available
    • Max video length: not available 
    • Total file storage: 500GB, 1TB, 3TB
    • Compatible video formats: HLS, WebM VP9, WebM VP8, WebM VP9 DASH, MP4

    Pricing:

    Monthly live streaming plans with StreamShark begin at $199 per month and include the following:

    • Standard: $199/month; includes 1,000 GB of bandwidth; 500 GB of VOD storage an additional overage of $0.10 per GB
    • Team: $499/month; includes 4,000 GB of bandwidth; 2,000 GB of storage, and lowers per GB overage prices to $0.09
    • Business: $999/month; includes 9,000 GB of bandwidth; 5,000 GB of storage, and reduces the overage to $0.08 per GB
    • Enterprise: Please contact StreamShark for their custom enterprise solutions and plans

    Best Use Cases:

    • Immersive video streaming
    • Enterprise video hosting
    • Live streaming

    If you are not trying to live stream to China, and you don’t need advanced video analytics, StreamShark offers solid support for VOD and live streaming for businesses. 

    15.  Muvi

    Muvi video hosting platform
    Muvi is a corporate video streaming solution that centers on OTT media businesses. When it comes to OTT media distribution, privacy and security are a must to limit access to paying customers only and avoid piracy.

    Overall, Muvi aims to provide a “turnkey” service to broadcasters. In short, Muvi focuses on OTT services that are quick to get up and running. They say their model empowers users to launch their own video or audio strategy quickly and easily.

    Basic Functionality:

    Muvi’s private video hosting platform helps businesses launch white-label multi-device streams. Muvi also provides VOD and audio streaming. It’s fully managed and all controlled from a simple content management platform.

    Key Features:

    • HTML5 all-device video player
    • White label custom branding
    • Various monetization options
    • Support for video and audio streaming
    • Dashboard management CMS for naming and organizing content
    • 24/7 support
    • Custom branding
    • HTML5 video player
    • Video analytics
    • Video Monetization options
    • DRM and security features

    Pros:

    Muvi offers both live and on-demand video hosting, plus they offer audio hosting as well. Having audio hosting is a big benefit if you run a podcast and produce video content. 

    You don’t have to know any coding to use their platform, it is set up to be easy to use. They support video content on your website and make it easy to integrate your content into apps for both mobile devices and television. 

    Muvi has a robust video content management system, keeping your content organized easily. Plus, they offer digital rights management, helping you to protect your content.

    Cons:

    • Not very user-friendly
    • Hard to integrate or connect
    • CMS user interface is complex
    • No China video delivery

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Minimum dimension: 144p (256 x 144)
    • Maximum dimension: 4K (3840  x2160)
    • Aspect ratio: 16:9, 4:3
    • Max file size: not available
    • Max video length: not available
    • Total file storage: 1TB, 2TB, 5TB (depending on plan)
    • Compatible video formats: MP4, MOV, MKV, FLV, VOB, M4V, AVI, 3GP, MPG

    Pricing:

    Muvi prices its plans at the following five levels:

    • Standard plan: $399/month (+ $299/month per app + infra fees), allows 2000 concurrent viewers, 1TB each of bandwidth and storage, and API support.
    • Professional plan: at $1,499 per month (+ $499/month per app + infra fees) increases limits further and adds premium support.
    • Enterprise plan: $3,900 per month (+ $499/month per app + infra fees) adds a dedicated server with auto-scaling.
    • Ultimate plan: $8,900/month (+ $499/month per app + infra fees) doubles the bandwidth and storage of the enterprise plan and adds your own CDN and unlimited API calls.
    • Black plan: this is a custom solution and includes everything in the Ultimate plan plus premium services and project management. Contact Muvi for pricing.

    Best Use Cases:

    • Enterprise streaming
    • Niche broadcasting
    • VOD streaming
    • Live streaming

    If you have a big budget and are looking to host white-label multi-device streams, Muvi is a good private video hosting option. 

    16. Uscreen

    Company Overview:

    If you are looking to build an OTT streaming platform, Uscreen could be the private hosting solution for you.

    Uscreen is a unified streaming solution that offers both live and on-demand video hosting. This platform offers the tools that broadcasters need for an advanced streaming experience.

    Uscreen excels at hosting OTT videos in user-friendly viewing galleries, which makes it a great option for businesses and other professional organizations with large libraries of content. 

    Basic Functionality:

    Uscreen is a private video hosting platform.

    Key Features:

    • Private video streaming
    • Top-notch security tools
    • Live and VOD hosting
    • Customizable HTML5 video player
    • Special tools for marketing
    • Video insights and analytics
    • Some monetization tools

    Pros:

    Uscreen is very easy to use and offers reliable customer support, making it a great platform for broadcasters of all skill levels. Plus, they offer a video gallery feature, making it easy for viewers to access your content. 

    Cons:

    • Some features require the support of a developer
    • Limitations on analytics 

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Recommended dimensions: 1080p/2k or smaller
    • Supported aspect ratios: Unavailable
    • Maximum file size: 13 GB
    • Maximum video length: Unavailable
    • Total file storage: 3000, 7500, 7500+ minutes
    • Accepted video formats: MP4 (Recommended)

    Pricing:

    Uscreen has three different pricing plans for broadcasting, including:

    • Basic:  $79/month + $0.50/subscriber
    • Growth: $159/month + $0.50/subscriber
    • Enterprise: Customizable plans for enterprise users with greater needs

    Best Use Cases:

    • Live streaming
    • Private VOD hosting
    • Enterprise streaming
    • Education streaming

    If you are looking to create an OTT video experience, Uscreen is a good private video hosting option. 

    17. VdoCipher

    vdocipher video hosting

    Company Overview:

    VdoCipher is a private video hosting platform that is geared towards businesses. Founded in 2015, VdoCipher is a relatively new offering in the online video streaming space.

    Since VdoCipher was founded, the platform has gained support from major players in the tech space. It serves as a technical partner to AWS and has connections with Apple, as well.

    Basic Functionality:

    VdoCipher is primarily used for secure video streaming. It offers a wide range of pricing plans, so it is suitable for broadcasters with different needs and budgets.

    VdoCipher does not support live streaming.

    Key Features:

    • Private video hosting
    • DRM encryption 
    • Amazon AWS server and CDN
    • Video watermarking
    • Customizable HTML5 video player
    • API and SDK access

    Pros:

    VdoCipher is a very secure platform with a focus on preventing illegal video downloads. It is built for e-learning and media website and app support. Plus, it is very easy to use and offers flexible hosting solutions and pricing for every budget.

    Cons:

    • Some complaints about analytics
    • No live streaming 

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Total file storage: 50 GB to 2 TB (depends on plan)

    VdoCipher doesn’t have any additional public information on technical guidelines and specs.

    Pricing:

    VdoCipher offers seven different pricing plans that are billed annually. These include:

    • Starter: $129/year; 300 GB of bandwidth and 50 GB of storage
    • Value: $429/year; 1.5 TB of bandwidth and 200 GB of storage
    • Express: $699/year; 3 TB of bandwidth and 400 GB of storage
    • Pro: $1549/year; 8 TB of bandwidth and 800 GB of storage
    • Plus: $2999/year; 25 TB of bandwidth and 1 TB of storage
    • Premium: $5499/year; 50 TB of bandwidth and 2 TB of storage 
    • Enterprise: Enterprise plans are custom-priced and custom-built. Please contact VdoCipher for a quote.

    Free trial plans are also available with 5 GB of bandwidth and a 4 video limit. 

    Best Use Cases:

    • Broadcasting for beginners
    • Advanced video broadcasting

    For beginning broadcasters who want access to advanced tools, VdoCipher is a great private video hosting platform. 

    18. Publitio

    publito video hosting

    Company Overview:

    Looking for a low-cost platform that supports private video hosting? Publitio might be an option for you.

    This platform is known for its secure streaming tools and flexible pricing. Publitio offers one flat-rate plan for $9/month in addition to a pay-as-you-go plan that lets you pay only for what you use.

    Basic Functionality:

    Publitio is a private video host that supports on-demand video streaming.

    Key Features:

    • Global CDN
    • Cloud-based video management
    • File conversions
    • API access
    • Video analytics
    • Video watermarking

    Pros:

    Publitio is a cloud-based content management system for both online video and images. They offer a wide range of streaming tools. Plus, they offer a 14-day free trial and many affordable pricing options.

    Cons:

    • No live streaming support
    • Some issues with video organization

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Minimum dimension: Unavailable 
    • Maximum dimension: Unavailable
    • Aspect ratio: Unavailable
    • Max file size: 5 GB
    • Max video length: Unavailable
    • Total file storage: Depends on the plan
    • Compatible video formats: MP4, WEBM, OGV, AVI, MOV, FLV, 3GP, 3G2, WMV, MPEG, MKV.

    Pricing:

    Publitio offers three streaming pricing plans, including:

    • Free: Free streaming; low bandwidth allotments
    • Premium: $9/month; white-label streaming; 50 GB storage space and 100 GB monthly bandwidth
    • Pay-as-You-Go: $0.075/GB of bandwidth and $0.035/GB of storage space

    Best Use Cases:

    • Budget video hosting
    • Private video hosting
    • Secure video hosting

    If your video hosting budget is small, but you need a solution that offers privacy, security, and control over your video content, look into Publitio.

    19. Muse.ai

    museai video hosting

    Company Overview:

    Muse.ai is another private video hosting platform that is suitable for broadcasters that are on a budget. This platform is relatively simple, but it gets the job done for broadcasters with basic needs.

    Basic Functionality:

    Muse.ai is an affordable private video hosting platform for VOD streaming.

    Key Features:

    • Private video hosting
    • Reliable customer support
    • White-label streaming
    • Ad-free streaming
    • Voice to text tools

    Pros:

    Muse.ai offers fast upload speeds, so if you need to get content up on your website fast, you can do it with them. Plus, they offer buffer-free and distracting-free streaming, allowing for the creation of a quality viewing experience. 

    Muse.ai has plans for every budget, making it an affordable option for businesses of all sizes.

    Cons:

    • The platform is relatively basic

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Minimum dimension: Unavailable
    • Maximum dimension: Unavailable 
    • Aspect ratio: Unavailable
    • Max file size: No max file size
    • Max video length: Unavailable
    • Total file storage: Depends on the plan
    • Compatible video formats: Compatible with all video formats 

    Pricing:

    Muse.ai offers three pricing plans, including:

    • Visionary: $5/month; 100 GB of storage; single-user
    • Venture: $20/month; 300 GB of storage; 3 users
    • Enterprise: Enterprise plans are custom-built and custom-priced. Contact Muse.ai for more information.

    The rates above reflect monthly rates when billed annually. Users can opt to pay monthly, but the rate is a little bit higher.

    Best Use Cases:

    • Private video hosting
    • Basic video hosting
    • Audio hosting

    If your focus is on VOD, and not live streaming, Muse.ai is a budget-friendly private video hosting service. 

    20. Swarmify

    swarmify video hosting

    Company Overview:

    Swarmify is a video CDN and private video hosting platform. Since Swarmify has its own global CDN, streams on this platform are high-quality.

    Swarmify brands itself as a professional alternative to YouTube that is designed to retain viewership.

    Basic Functionality:

    Swarmify is a private video hosting platform that supports on-demand video streaming. 

    Key Features:

    • Private video hosting
    • Buffer-free streaming
    • Global CDN
    • Powerful video player
    • YouTube conversions
    • “Unlimited” streaming 
    • Instant video start
    • Video encoding

    Pros:

    Swarmify is an unlimited video content delivery network. They offer fast video hosting that helps to ensure videos start instantly, and buffering is a thing of the past. 

    Swarmify is very easy to use, with practically no setup involved in using the platform. Plus, they offer easy embedding and automatic conversions and imports and YouTube. 

    They offer unlimited bandwidth, encoding, and storage.

    Cons:

    • Complaints of slow customer support

    Upload Guidelines and Specs:

    • Total file storage: Unlimited
    • Compatible video formats: Supports all video formats (with built-in transcoding)

    No other upload guidelines are published on the Swarmify site.

    Pricing:

    Swarmify offers three different streaming plans, including: 

    • Small Business: $29/month; 50k Instant-start video views
    • Video Pro: $59/month; 100k Instant-start video views
    • Enterprise: Enterprise plans are built to suit your individual needs. Reach out to Swarmify for a custom quote.

    All plans from Swarmify come with “unlimited” streaming.

    Best Use Cases:

    • Small business video streaming
    • Enterprise video streaming
    • VOD hosting

    For small businesses with small budgets, Swarmify is a great private video hosting platform. 28

    Conclusion

    Going with a private video host versus a free self-hosting platform opens doors to businesses that want to incorporate online video in their operations and strategies. When it comes to private hosting, the platform you choose can make all the difference. 

    With so many different options on the market, choosing the best platform for your broadcasting needs may seem overwhelming. We recommend taking advantage of free trials to explore the features on different platforms.

    Not sure where to get started? Why not try Dacast? Dacast is a private video hosting and online video platform (OVP) that’s been recognized in the 2019 Streaming Media Readers’ Choice Awards as the best solution for small/medium businesses.

    If you think Dacast may be right for your needs, give the platform a try with our no-hassle free 14-day trial. With Dacast, it’s easy to just get started.

    GET STARTED FOR FREE

    For regular tips on live streaming in a community of experts, as well as exclusive offers, you’re invited to join our LinkedIn group.

    Thanks for reading, and best of luck with your broadcasts.

     

    author avatar

    Kevin Graham

    Kevin is a content writer and former software developer. He focuses on producing compelling content for B2B software companies.

    Sign up for a 14-Day trial.

    Read Next

    article featured

    What is HLS Streaming and When Should You Use It? [2022 Update]

    author avatar

    Max Wilbert

    27 Min Read

    article featured
    article featured

    How to Set Up a Multi-Camera Live Streaming Webcast [2022 Update]

    author avatar

    Harmonie Duhamel

    25 Min Read